I was just reading a Question and Answer story in the National Post about runners in Kenya. It's worth a read, you can follow the link in The National Post story here.
One of the possible myths about runners in Kenya is that they all believe in barefoot running, the question is answered below.
Q: Do you believe in the barefoot running technique?
A: No. In fact, after their first races, the ones where they run without shoes because they have no possibility to buy them, whenever they have the possibility of a contract with a shoe company, they immediately start running with shoes.